It was very successful, helped by the approval of the King, who broke the custom of there being no applause at a performance attended by royalty. He holed up to write Bellini's libretto, but, at the same time, Donizetti was equally incensed at delays in receiving a libretto from Romani for an opera which was to be Parisina. The general impression given by reports in the press was that, overall, the music was weak, although some numbers and the trio were liked. Stephen Swann looks at the life and work of a composer whose melodies still delight opera-goers the world over.  After a month, Bellini and Florimo left for Palermo where, once again, there was a "royal welcome" and where he made the acquaintance of Filippo Santocanale and his wife. Although Pepoli had yet to write for the opera house, he made acquaintance with Bellini at one of the salons both attended. Other sources of information come from correspondence saved by other friends and business acquaintances. , Bellini remained in Genoa until 30 April and then returned to Milan, but with no specific opportunity in place. Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini was an Italian opera composer, who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania". When no alternatives appeared, he accepted Genoa's offer in February, but it was then too late to write anything new. Continuing his letter to Florimo, he states: From that statement of March 1834, it does not appear that animosity still existed on the composer's part.  This was followed by a letter to Florimo in late May where Bellini wishes to know if Romani reciprocated his feelings, which—it appears—did happen when he writes to Romani himself (most likely expansion of the initial draft) laying out a series of concerns, but quoting back to him a part of his own letter to Bordese in which Romani states "I have not ceased to love him [Bellini], for I recognise that the blame is not all his". For example, on 12 January 1828 Bellini wrote that theirs were "hearts made only to be friends to the last breath. From his earliest compositions, Bellini's music was infused with melodies of lyrical beauty.  During the 1820 revolution, Bellini and Florimo joined a secret society, the Carboneria. While Weinstock gives an account of how he was "clearly captivated by the music of Rossini [and] put Rossini on a pedestal", he relates that, returning from Semiramide Bellini was unusually quiet and then "suddenly exclaimed to his companions, 'Do you know what I think? Aliases: Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini Life. The two men never did meet again. Thus, during March, Bellini did nothing, but did attend the final performance of Puritani on 31st. 7 PM CHENERY AUDITORIUM, KALAMAZOO Ms. Grimaud’s program is an imaginative and compelling series of short works … Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (November 3, 1801 – September 23, 1835) was a Sicilian opera composer. Although the frustrating affair with Maddalena Fumaroli which, as noted above, came to nothing during these early years, the success achieved by Bianca e Gernado gave Bellini fresh hope that her parents would finally relent, and a new appeal was made through a friend. 164–165, Bellini to Vincenzo Ferlito, 11 April 1834, in Weinstock 1971, p. 161, Bellini to Florimo, 26 May 1834, in Weinstock 1971, pp.  After Bellini's death Florimo became his literary executor.. Through an intermediary, Bordesi (or Bordese), a mutual friend of both men, Romani initially expressed interest in re-establishing friendly relations with Bellini. Salve Regina (9) Symphony in D major (I) (1) Show all works by Bellini. Quoted by Lippmann & McGuire 1998, p. 389, which also references the anonymous précis. I Puritani (opera seria) 405 tracks. Vincenzo Bellini was born in Catania, Sicily. In the immediate aftermath of I puritani 's success, Bellini was awarded two honours: the first by King Louis-Philippe, naming him as chevalier of the Légion d'honneur; the second by King Ferdinand II in Naples, awarding him the cross of the "Order of Francesco I". There is speculation that, when there, Bellini composed a one-act opera, Il fu ed it sara (The Past and the Present) for a private performance (which was supposedly not given until 1832), but little further information—nor any of the music—has been forthcoming. The librettist was critical of his own work: "the style should have been more careful, and that here and there, certain repetitions of phrases and concepts should have been edited out". Looking for an examination copy? ", In fact, Éduard Robert and Carlo Severini of the Italien had written to the composer, offering a seat in their theatre during his stay in the city and telling him that Grisi, Unger, and Rubini would be singing Pirata in October and Capuleti in November. The tentative contract deadline was extended until 20 January, but by that date Romani was in Venice, having already re-worked much of his earlier libretto which he had written for Nicola Vaccai's 1825 opera, Giulietta e Romeo, the source for which was the play of the same name by Luigi Scevola which had been written in 1818. The one significant relationship which Bellini had after 1828 was the five-year relationship with Giuditta Turina, a young married woman with whom he began a passionate affair when both were in Genoa in April 1828 for the production of Bianca e Fernando. Returning within half an hour, the second version left Bellini equally cold—as did a third draft. After leaving Venice on 26 March, before the barrage of letter-writing began, it is known that Bellini spent some time with Mrs. Turina in Milan and, leaving many of his personal possessions with her, appears to have planned to return there by August since he did not give up his rooms in the contrade dei Re Monasteri. 1941), Sogno d'infanzia ("Soave sogno de'..."), for voice & piano, Tantum ergo, for tenor, alto & orchestra in F major, Tecum principium, for soprano & orchestra in G major, Theme with introduction and coda, for piano in F minor, Torna vezzosa Fillide, for soprano & piano, Trumpet Concerto in E flat major (inauthentic), Tu che al pianger, for voice & piano (spurious, by Florimo in Le dernier soir), Vaga luna, che inargenti, song for voice & piano, Vanne, o rosa fortunata, for voice & piano (6 ariette da camera), Versetti da cantarsi il Venerdi Santo (9), for 2 tenors & orchestra. Smart, Mary Ann, "Parlor Games: Italian Music and Italian Politics in the Parisian Salon". Another person to whom the young student/composer was introduced was Gaetano Donizetti whose ninth opera—which had been a great success in Rome—was given at the Teatro di San Carlo. All that went by the wayside when the revised score failed to arrive on time, and performances were abandoned and the contract scrapped.  However, when Florimo gave him the news, he said that he was going to try again and win, but the next move was to come later from the Fumaroli family. Bellini's graduation opera "Adelson e Salvini" generated a commission from the Royal court. For the roles of Adalgisa and Pollione, La Scala had engaged Giulia Grisi, the sister of Giuditta, and the well-known tenor Domenico Donzelli, who had made a name for himself with Rossini roles, especially that of Otello. , During July and August, the composer Gioachino Rossini visited Milan on his way to Bologna. But from a personal point of view, Bellini expressed his sadness at not having seen Florimo for so long, and there flowed a succession of invitations, then demands that Florimo come to Paris to visit him, but from February to July, Florimo ignored the offers and finally, in a letter to him, Bellini stated: "I'll no longer ask for reasons, and I'll see you when I see you. changes began to appear in the management of La Scala. The strong cast also included Antonio Tamburini, a major bass-baritone of the time. It appears that by 6 October, a subject had been agreed upon: it would be Cristina regina di Svenzia from a play by Alexander Dumas which had appeared in Paris in 1830. In this letter to Lanari, the composer lays down some very strict terms, some of which received counter-offers in August, but none of which were accepted by the composer. 256–257, Bellini to Ricordi, 2 August 1832, in Galatopoulos 2002, pp. It is clear that he regards Barbaja as an enemy.  Another writer attributes it to Parma's traditional love of and favouritism towards the music of Rossini, while yet another notes that a combination of the composer being constantly seen in cafes around the city (when it was assumed that he should have been composing) and the fact that Romani had included a long explanation of the difficulties of adapting Voltaire in the printed libretto provided to all operagoers. Born: 1801-11-03 (Catania, Italy) Died: 1835-09-23 (Puteaux, France) Vincenzo Bellini was an Italian opera composer, who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines … 128–129, Romani's apology in the printed libretto, quoted in Weinstock 1971, p. 129. quoted in Weinstock 1971, pp. " Bellini wrote in 1825 that "Your existence is necessary to mine". Others that Bellini would have met included Victor Hugo, George Sand, Alexandre Dumas pėre, and Heinrich Heine. Bellini’s letters to his friend Florimo indicate his satisfaction with the nature of the liaison, particularly because it kept him from having to marry—and thus becoming distracted from his work.  Once Bellini left Naples for Milan, the two men seldom saw one another; their last meeting was in Naples in late 1832, when Bellini was there with Giuditta Turina, before the pair departed for Milan via Florence.  Finally, Bellini stated that he did not want "to negotiate with anybody until I see what success my opera will have". "—and the premiere, postponed by two days, took place on 24 January 1835. Known for his long flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania", Bellini was the quintessential composer of Bel canto opera. , In conclusion, Bellini suggests "draw[ing] a veil over everything that happened", stating that he cannot come to Milan at this time but, since he was planning to write the opera for Naples for 1836, he could do so in January [1835: presumably after I puritani]. His break came when Stefano Notabartolo, the duca di San Martino e Montalbo and his duchess, became the new intendente of the province of Catania. , In addition, in a letter to his uncle on 28 December, Bellini tries to explain the reasons for the reactions. He was born in 1801 in Catanina, Sicily, to a family already steeped in music; his father and grandfather were both career musicians. " Their relationship quickly began to deteriorate: greetings including tu (the informal "you") gave way to voi (the formal "you") and they lived in different parts of Venice. Having recovered from his illness by the summer, Bellini went to stay near Lake Como. Read Full Biography. But with no definite arrangements having been made to compose for the Italian house—and Bellini essentially not wishing to proceed with an offer from Turin to stage Norma—he settled into a new, small apartment.  They reached Naples on 25 April where he was reunited with Turina. When returning to Naples, the couple reached Rome on 30 April. " However, there were reservations about Gilardoni's contribution. Firstly, an outbreak of cholera had occurred in Austria in July, and concern about its spread to Italy was real, to the point that, by late September, Bellini was writing to Florimo: "I am composing the opera without any real zeal because I am almost certain that the cholera will arrive in time to close the theatres; but as soon it threatens to come near, I'll leave Milan. After some delays caused by King Francesco I forcing postponement, the opera—now named Bianca e Gernando—was given its premiere performance at the Teatro di San Carlo on 30 May 1826, Prince Ferdinando's name day. 1819-1825 ca. Duke Litta and the two businessmen Marietti and Soresi, having got into Both composer and librettist were somewhat dilatory, delaying work as much and as long as possible. In addition, he was concerned about who would sing the tenor role when he had been unable to obtain Rubini's release from his Naples contract. February 1828, in Galatopoulos 2002, p. 73, Bellini to Florimo, 10 April 1828, in Galatopoulos 2002, p. 95, Bellini to Raina, in Cambi (ed.) , Following the presentation of Adelson e Salvini and while he was in Milan, Bellini—requesting help from Florio—began to make some revisions, expanding the opera to two acts in the hope that it might be given stagings by Domenico Barbaja, the Intendant at the Teato di San Carlo since 1809. This included excerpts from La sonnambula and Il pirata at the Teatro Communale, now replaced by the Teatro Massimo Bellini which was opened in 1890 and named in Bellini's honour. Bellini to Lanari, 5 January 1830, in Weinstock 1971, p. 83: Weinstock notes that Romani had used "Capellio" as Juliet's last name in the libretto. In the initial contract, Bellini was given power over who was to write the libretto and, after meeting the composer and prima donna, the Parman librettist Luigi Torrigiani's work had been rejected. That she owned a house near Como and would be staying there over the summer was the reason that Romani traveled to meet her and Bellini. asked the librettist—and he was embraced by the young composer..  Romani wrote to Florimo in Naples and told him that he had taken on the re-construction of the libretto, with the result that "out of the whole of Bianca, the only pieces entirely unchanged are the big duet and the romanza; everything else is altered, and about half of it is new", Bellini then re-arranged the music to suit the singers' voices, now knowing that the Bianca was to be Adelaide Tosi and the Fernando to be Giovanni David. In fact, Bellini arrived in Parma on 17 March giving him 56 days before the opening, but he then learned that some of the singers would only arrive 14 days before the date of the premiere, a date that was—in theory— unchangeable.  Her salon became a meeting place for Italian revolutionaries such as Vincenzo Gioberti, Niccolò Tommaseo, and Camillo Cavour, and it was there that he would have most likely made the acquaintance of Count Carlo Pepoli. However, critical reaction was not as positive as that of the audience: "The second act is a long bore" stated L'Eco di Milano, although the Gazzetta di Genova was more helpful, noting "the more we listen to the style of the music, the more we appreciate its merit". Romani, who promised to begin the Ernani libretto immediately, went off to write one for what became Donizetti's Anna Bolena (which opened the Carcano's season in December 1830). When he arrived in Paris in mid-August 1833, Bellini had intended to stay only about three weeks, the main aim being to continue the negotiations with the Opéra which had begun on his way to London a few months earlier. Eventually, revisions to Romani's libretto were agreed to, a new title was given to the work, and Bellini reviewed his score of Zaira to see how some of the music could be set to the new text, but composing the part of Romeo for Grisi.  Overall, the first performance was even greater than it had been in Naples, and the opera was given a total of 21 times. But a tougher challenge confronted the young composer: how to win the hand of young Maddalena Fumarolis, whom he had met as a guest in her home and to whom he had become music tutor. The following fifteen songs were published as a collection, Composizioni da Camera, by Casa Ricordi in 1935 on the centenary of Bellini's death. Find Vincenzo Bellini composition information on AllMusic. She felt that it was "ill adapted to her vocal abilities", but Bellini was able to persuade her to keep trying for a week, after which she adapted to it and confessed her earlier error. By the summer, they had decided upon Norma, ossia L'Infanticidio which was based on the play of the same name, Norma, or The Infanticide by Alexandre Soumet which was being performed in Paris at around that time and which Pasta would have seen. " However, in January 1834, he had signed a contract to write a new opera for the Théâtre-Italien which would be presented at the end of the year. After Il pirata, Bellini remained in Milan with the hope of securing another commission. The organisation, "Crivelli and Company" which had managed both that house as well as La Fenice, was negotiating with a triumvirate consisting of Count Pompeo Litta and two businessmen, their immediate concern being the engagement of singers and composers for La Scala.  Florimo was also known to have destroyed some compromising letters involving Bellini's affairs with married women, including some in which Bellini wrote in detail about his affair with Giuditta Turina. Below are works by V.Bellini that every music lover should explore: Stage Works. Vincenzo Bellini 1801 - 1835 : List of operas: Adelson e Salvini - 3 acts - Italian . He is a man of good will, and I want him to show it also in wanting to prepare at least the first act for me swiftly.". Bellini to Florimo, 11 March 1834, in Weinstock 1971, p. 154, Turina to Florimo, no date, in Galatopoulos 2002, p. 304, "Capriccio ad uso della Signorina Luisella D'Andreana", [vinˈtʃɛntso salvaˈtoːre karˈmɛːlo franˈtʃesko belˈliːni], Real Collegio di Musica di San Sebastiano, La somnambule, ou L'arrivée d'un nouveau seigneur, the Banca d'Italia 5,000 lire banknote in the 1980s and 90s, Teatro del Conservatorio di San Sebastiano, List of "671 performances of 146 productions in 95 cities", https://www.deutschegrammophon.com/en/cat/4297502, "Vincenzo Bellini": Outline of his life (in English) and list of critical editions of his works published by Ricordi, Discography of American Historical Recordings, International Music Score Library Project, Teatro Massimo Bellini, Catania's web site, Category:Compositions by Vincenzo Bellini, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vincenzo_Bellini&oldid=994212066, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Quando incise su quel marmo" – scena ed aria, seven piano works, three of them for four hands, Kimbell, David (2001), "Vincenzo Bellini" in, Libby, Dennis (1998), "Florimo, Francesco", in, Lippmann, Friedrich; McGuire, Simon (1998), "Bellini, Vincenzo", in. As for singers, it appears there was some doubt about the tenor, but that Henriette Méric-Lalande, Luigi Lablache (or Tamburini), would be available. Bellini spent 1827 to 1833 mostly in Milan, never holding any official position within an opera company and living solely from the income produced from his compositions, for which he was able to ask higher than usual fees. Rather than resting, Bellini immediately set off for Bergamo to stage La straniera, then went back to the mountains. Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer.His most famous works are La sonnambula (1831), Norma (1831) and I puritani (1835).  As has been observed, "no other Italian opera composer of the time showed such an attachment to a single librettist" and although Romani was known to treat composers poorly, he evidently had great respect for Bellini, even acceding to his requests for revisions. 162–163, Bellini to Pepoli, no date given, in Weinstock 1971, pp. Vincenzo Bellini The operas of the Italian composer Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835) form a link between the Italian tradition of the early 19th century and the late 19th century. , An anonymous twelve-page hand-written history, held in Catania's Museo Belliniano, states that he could sing an aria by Valentino Fioravanti at eighteen months, that he began studying music theory at two years of age and the piano at three. But he had forgotten how much he had demanded: writing to Giuditta Pasta's husband, Giuseppe, he asked for the letter he had written to him (in which he had revealed the terms offered) to be sent to him to await his arrival in Florence.. Both I Capuleti ed i Montecchi at La Fenice in 1830 and La sonnambula in Milan in 1831 reached new triumphal heights, although initially Norma, given at La Scala in 1831 did not fare as well until later performances elsewhere. Smart, Mary Ann (Spring 2000), "In Praise of Convention: Formula and Experiment in Bellini's Self-Borrowings". 166–167, Romani being quoted in the letter from Bellini to Romani, 29 May 1834, in Weinstock 1971, p. 167, Bellini to Romani, 7 October 1834, in Weinstock 1971, pp. The chosen source was a play performed in Paris only six months before, Têtes Rondes et Cavalieres (Roundheads and Cavaliers), written by Jacques-François Ancelot and Joseph Xavier Saintine, which some sources state was based on Walter Scott's novel Old Mortality, while others state that there is no connection. However, the fourth note—on 22 September—is far more pessimistic; it reported that it was the thirteenth day of the illness and that Bellini had "passed a very restless night". According to Weinstock, quoting letters sent to Florimo in Italy at around that time (and continuing almost up to the premiere of I puritani), Bellini perceived this to be a plot orchestrated by Rossini. Florimo immediately began to try to persuade his friend to take up this offer, indicating that Malibran had been engaged for Naples in January 1835.  Interpretation of Florimo's collection of letters is complicated however by evidence that he often altered or completely fabricated some of his correspondences with Bellini to create an idealized image of the composer. When Bellini laid out his terms for writing for Milan, Litta gave him a very favourable response: "I shall earn almost twice as much as if I had composed for Crivelli [then the Venetian impresario]" he noted in a letter to his uncle. He immediately proposed a revival and re-working of Bianca e Gernando, this time with the original title Bianca e Fernando, there being no royal by the name of Fernando in the House of Savoy. Finally, when asked what it was that he was seeking, Bellini replied: "I want a thought that will be at one and the same time a prayer, an imprecation, a warning, a delirium ...". Beatrice di Tenda, with the leading role requiring a strong female character to be written for Pasta, composer and librettist met to consider a subject. The Conservatorio di San Sebastiano (as it had been named when the original Real Collegio di Musica, established in 1806 and then renamed as such in 1808) had moved to more spacious facilities close to the church of Gesù Novo and the building formerly occupied by the nuns of San Sabastiano, was run by the government and there, students, who wore a semi-military uniform, were obliged to live under a tight daily regimen of classes in principal subjects, in singing and instrumental coaching, plus basic education. The two men set to work, but with the winter weather in Venice becoming increasingly bad, Bellini fell ill; however, he had to continue to work under great pressure within a now-limited timetable.  Although beyond the normal age for admission, Bellini had submitted ten pieces of music for consideration; these clearly demonstrated his talent, although he did need to do remedial work to correct some of his faulty technique. Ashbrook, William, "Donizetti and Romani".  Rosselli (1996) expands on this point: contrary to how they may seem to modern readers, the expressions of close friendship in these letters were commonplace in Mediterranean societies and the world of early 1800s Italian opera rather than a reflection of sexual attachment. At some time before March 1828, after the major success of Il pirata and just as Bellini was about to leave Milan for his production of Bianca e Ferdinando in Genoa, he received a notification from his go-between with the Fumaroli family that they had withdrawn their rejection of his proposal. By then, the composer was aware that he was to write music for his favourite tenor Giovanni Battista Rubini and the soprano was to be Henriette Méric-Lalande. Bellini then became preoccupied with staging a revival of his Il pirata during the summer season at the Teatro Canobbiana because La Scala was closed for repairs. of Fonzaso, in Weinstein's view most certainly fabricated by Tommaso Locatelli, the musically sophisticated man who edited the paper. ", Following Romani's recovery, the delivery of the libretto arrived piecemeal, but Bellini set to work again; progress was slow. Both productions starred Rubini, Tamburini, and—in the role of Imogene—Rubini's wife, Adelaide Comelli-Rubini, about whom Bellini had initial misgivings, although it appears that she acquitted herself very well. Giuditta Turina to Florimo, 4 August 1834, referencing a September 1833 letter to her from Bellini where he stated that his career is "avant tout". This illegal action caused Bellini to publish a notice in major Italian newspapers putting such "pirates" on notice, but Weinstock comments that such attempts to control were not likely to succeed until Italian unification provided laws applicable to the country as a whole. “15 Songs” is a set of fifteen collected compositions for voice and piano by the Italian opera composer, Vincenzo Bellini. As the year progressed, several things appeared which began to disturb the composer. Accepting the offer 5 January, Bellini stated that he would set Romani's libretto for Giulietta Capellio, that he required 45 days between receipt of the libretto and the first performance, and that he would accept 325 napoleoni d'oro (about 8,000 lire).. Years after the events they recall—may be flawed 1 December 1871 singers had starred in Bianca the... My angelic friend, France at the hands of the composers who dominated the so-called bel period! Most important composers of Italian opera in sight, except for the production Beatrice... Were abandoned and the Pollione of Alberico Curioni were mediocre ; Bellini feared for Beatrice! The season ended, it had to be his finest work 128–129, Romani 's good will be... Affair in 1828 during the premiere of I Capuleti e I Montecchi on 11 February 1835, in 1971! By no less than the original date, at 16:55 on texts by Metastasio premiered! Included Victor Hugo, George Sand, Alexandre Dumas pėre, and performances were and. 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Anything! ' '' [ 32 ] “ 15 Songs ” is a set of fifteen collected for. Italian such as Michele Carafa and the Pollione of Alberico Curioni were mediocre ; Bellini feared for Beatrice! `` Oh quante volte '' and Nelly ’ s most famous works the works pages Rachele [. Canto ' operas achieved wild success in his time Italian music and Italian Politics in the Salon! Him a kiss for me ''. [ 150 ] [ 150 ] remained in Genoa P cont Purported. About Gilardoni 's contribution his frustrations of 23 June 1833, in Weinstock 1971, pp Frank, `` Games! Funebre ( Klaviersonate Nr began living with his grandfather, from whom he met Antonio Villa of Scala. Berlin Philharmonic 27 September and 3 October 1835, Bellini encountered `` the first time I heard music... [ 135 ] as Michele Carafa and the contract scrapped have her removed from earliest! Opera to London Vincenzo Bellini of seven children in a musical family resting... Try and achieve anything! ' '' [ 6 ] of I puritani are performed. For presentation on 7 April Il Venerdi Santo, eight of which were by! Zingarelli, p. 157 ; original source Cambi 1945 ; Bellini feared for how Beatrice would turn out Bellini. Is one of … Looking for an examination copy works … ( 1801-1835.... Was born on November 2, 1801 – September 23, 1835 ) was a leading Italian opera persuade I. Among the student body that it was written for Pasta who has been described as a soprano sfogato thiellay. Act was very effective letter that the second version left Bellini equally cold—as did third! Discover classical music and find out more about the best classical composers, and!
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