Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren (Spanish pronunciation: [roˈβeɾto ˈmata]; November 11, 1911 – November 23, 2002), better known as Roberto Matta, was one of Chile's best-known painters and a seminal figure in 20th century abstract expressionist and surrealist art. Not long after this project, Matta left behind his privileged upbringing and conservative education to join the Merchant Marines. Matta was a father to six children, but two of them died at a young age. He first encountered Europe while serving in the Merchant Marine after graduating. Throughout a long and fruitful career that spanned six decades and multiple continents, Matta established himself as one of the central figures in the Surrealist movement. Bodley Gallery (New York, N.Y.) Matta, from 1942 to 1957 (New York : Bodley Gallery, 1960) OCLC 78760494 Matta's second wife, Patricia, married the dealer Pierre Matisse after divorcing Matta and died in the early 1950's. Roberto Matta — Birth name Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren Born November 11, 1911(1911 11 11) Santiago Died November 23, 2002(2 … Wikipedia Episode #8 of the course “Great surrealist painters of all time” Born in 1911 and raised and educated in Chile, Roberto Matta became one of the greatest Latin American Surrealists on the 20th century. Matta's artistic legacy was also a deeply personal one, as four of his six children became notable artists as well. Nach anderen Quellen bereits 1935, vgl. Matta was well established within the Surrealist group by the time that he was forced to flee Europe for America in the fall of 1939. Roberto Matta was a Chilean-born artist known for his unique blending of Surrealism with Abstract Expressionism. The Chilean artist died in Civitavecchia, Italy in 2002. Matta spent his remaining years between Europe and South America, and died in Civitavecchia, Italy in 2002. He later referenced this work explicitly in The Bachelors Twenty Years After (1943), and he continued to reference Large Glass throughout his career. In his last years, Matta split his time between France, England, and Italy, where he operated a studio, gallery, and pottery school. Content compiled and written by David Kupperberg, Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors. In Rom arbeitete er in den 1950er-Jahren zeitweise in Ateliergemeinschaft mit Fabius von Gugel (1910–2000). His twin brother Sebastian, also an artist, committed suicide in 1976. Roberto Matta (celým jménem Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren; 11. listopadu 1911, Santiago de Chile, Chile – 23. listopadu 2002, Civitavecchia, Itálie) byl chilský surrealistick ý malíř. "Roberto Matta Artist Overview and Analysis". See available prints and multiples, paintings, and works on paper for sale and learn about the artist. He made a series of surreal landscape drawings of particular interest whilst travelling Peru and Panama. Yet, his new use of figuration and narrative created a significant intellectual rift with both the Surrealists and Abstract Expressionists. DalÃ, in turn, encouraged the young artist to show some of his drawings to AndrÃ© Breton. Pierre Cabanne: Materialien von und über Roberto Sebastian Matta, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roberto_Matta&oldid=189528491, Mitglied der American Academy of Arts and Letters, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Matta Echaurren, Roberto Antonio Sebastián (vollständiger Name). Roberto Matta bought a plaster work by Giacometti and began to collect “primitive” art. Research 563 Roberto Matta prices and auction results in Art. Roberto Antonio Sebastián Matta Echaurren (* 11. From 1929 through 1933, Matta studied architecture and interior design at the Sacre Coeur Jesuit College and the Universidad Catolica of Santiago. This led to his expulsion from the group, but by this time Matta's own name was becoming widely known. November 2002 in Civitavecchia, Italien) war ein chilenischer Architekt, Bildhauer und Maler, der von 1937 bis 1947 und erneut ab 1957 der Gruppe der Surrealisten angehörte. His second wife was Germana Ferrari. His mother was well read and highly cultured, fostering Matta's interest in art, literature, and languages. Matta von Matta Echaurren, Roberto Sebastian und eine große Auswahl ähnlicher Bücher, Kunst und Sammlerstücke erhältlich auf ZVAB.com. Sensing an emerging talent and common spirit, Breton bought several of Matta's drawings and invited him to officially join the Surrealist group in 1937. Matta had many wives and mistresses, of which he fathered four children. Both of these would influence Matta’s work. Roberto Antonio Sebastián Matta Echaurren starb im Jahr 2002 einige Tage nach der Vollendung seines 91. ArtDC, Washington Convention Center, Washington, D.C.; April 27–30, 2007. All Rights Reserved |. Biography of Roberto Matta Childhood. Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren (11. novembar 1911 – 23. novembar 2002), poznatiji kao Roberto Matta, bio je čileanski slikar, poznat kao jedna od vodećih ličnosti apstraktnog ekspresionizma i nadrealizma u 20. vijeku.. Literatura. Er engagierte sich auch während der Studentenunruhen des Mai 1968 und nahm vehement zu Pinochets Putsch in Chile 1973 Stellung. When Matta arrived in New York City, he was the youngest and most outgoing of Surrealist emigres. Breton publicly expelled Matta from the Surrealist group. November 2002 in Civitavecchia, Italien) war ein chilenischer Architekt, Bildhauer und Maler, der von 1937 bis 1947 und erneut ab 1957 der Gruppe der Surrealisten angehörte. Es folgte eine Reise nach Russland. Most celebrated among his progeny was the contemporary artist Gordon Matta-Clark, who followed in his fathers footsteps by creating socially conscious work with a distinctively architectural bent. Matta-Clark's parents were artists: Anne Clark, an American artist, and Roberto Matta, a Chilean Surrealist painter, of Basque, French and Spanish descent. He attended a Jesuit school in … Personal Life & Legacy Roberto Matta first married Patricia Echaurren. Er arbeitete in den 1960er-Jahren wiederholt in Kuba mit Studenten zusammen und nahm 1968 am ersten Kulturkongress in Havanna teil. He received a classical, Jesuit education, and enjoyed a comfortable childhood during a period of widespread economic hardship in Chile. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. He married Patricia O’Connors in Los Angeles. Život. Nach einem Aufenthalt in Chile kehrte der Künstler 1948 nach Paris zurück und ließ sich schließlich in Italien nieder und wohnte seit den 1960er Jahren in Tarquinia im Latium. Many of Matta's paintings from this period incorporate strangely menacing, machine-like contraptions and totemic human forms. Roberto Sebastián Matta Seating system model “Malitte” Named after Malitte Pope, Matta´s wife Manufactured by Gavina (1966-1968) and Knoll International (1968-1974) Italy, 1966 ... Category Vintage 1960s Italian Sofas Matta transitioned from drawing to oil painting in 1938, while working in Brittany with the British artist Gordon Onslow Ford. 31.03.2015 | 0. Most notably, he received retrospective shows at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1957, the National Gallery in Berlin in 1970, and the Pompidou Center in Paris in 1985. Původně studoval architekturu, jejíž studium dokončil roku 1931. Matta’s relationship to his sons are somewhat controversial. Matta also referred to these works as "Inscapes," with the implication that they depicted the interior landscape of the artist's mind, interconnected with his external reality. Learn the market value of your Roberto Matta. He was the godson of Marcel Duchamp's wife, Teeny. Matta's earliest works were abstract crayon drawings produced using the Surrealist practice of automatism. In London schloss er Bekanntschaft mit dem Bildhauer Henry Moore und dem Künstler Roland Penrose, in Skandinavien mit dem Architekten Alvar Aalto. With Angela Faranda he had a son, Pablo Echaurren, an artist in Italy. Juni 2019 um 09:27 Uhr bearbeitet. Wikidata Q450236 Perhaps the zenith of Matta's engagement with Latin American cultural themes was his group of works produced in 1983 titled, El Mediterano y el Verbo Americas. His mother was well read and highly cultured, fostering Matta's interest in art, literature, and languages. In this series of poems and paintings, Matta created an analogy between the Latin American and European cultural renaissances. These works have a new emotional immediacy, reverberating with a formal tension created by the often violently oppositional forms. November 2002 in Civitavecchia, Italien) war ein chilenischer Architekt, Bildhauer und Maler, der von 1937 bis 1947 und erneut ab 1957 der Gruppe der Surrealisten angehörte. It was through Lorca that Matta was introduced to Surrealist artist Salvador DalÃ. Patricia left him for Pierre Matisse, son of the famed artist Henri Matisse. Known primarily as 'Matta,' Roberto Antonio Sebastian Matta Echaurren was born in Santiago, Chile on November 11 th, 1912. In the process, he provided early and crucial inspiration for the Abstract Expressionists. In his final year of school, Matta devised an ambitious architectural project called the "League of Religions." His relationships with Frederico Garcia Lorca, Pablo Neruda, and Gabriela Mistral proved particularly influential. He declined their offer, preferring instead to continue his artistic explorations on his own. The son of a Chilean father and a Spanish mother, Matta grew up in a strictly Catholic, upper middle-class home. Throughout the first half of the 1940s, Jackson Pollock, Arshile Gorky, William Baziotes, Peter Busa, Robert Motherwell, and others met frequently with Matta to learn about his personal ideas about Surrealism. Roberto Antonio Sebastián Matta Echaurren (* 11. Learn more about Matta’s life and art. Join Facebook to connect with Roberto Matta and others you may know. The same year, Matta worked with the architects designing the Spanish Republican pavilion at the Paris International Exhibition. He continued to travel, work, and engage with contemporary political concerns until his death in Civitavecchia, Italy, in 2002. He moved first to Italy, and then, beginning in 1955, kept residences in both Paris and Rome. He pitted these elements against each other in seemingly constant battle within a landscape of amorphous spaces and vaguely architectural planes. Roberto Matta Matta en plena producción artística … Wikipedia Español. Roberto Matta, Chilean-born painter of mysterious fantastic environments who lived his adult life outside his homeland and became identified with the international Surrealist movement. Ostracized by the artistic community in New York, Matta returned to Europe in 1948. Roberto Matta. Matta's life was further thrown into chaos in 1948, when his close friend, Arshile Gorky, committed suicide. Roberto Matta (1911-2002) ... holding him responsible for the artist’s death due to an affair between Matta and Gorky’s wife, Agnes. During these years, Matta broadened the scope of his artistic practice. Matta was accused of indirectly causing Gorky's suicide (in response to Matta's relationship with the Armenian-American painter's wife). 1939 wanderte er in Anbetracht der Kriegsgefahr nach New York City aus und verzeichnete dort als Maler große Erfolge. Allerdings schlossen die Surrealisten Matta 1947 aus (nahmen ihn 1959 aber wieder in ihre Gruppe auf). Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. Para otras acepciones, véase Matta (desambiguación). Die für diesen Künstler von Artprice erstellten Kennzahlen und Markttrends basieren auf 7.129 Versteigerungen. Die Werke Mattas stehen oft in starkem Bezug zu den jeweils aktuellen Geschehnissen und spiegeln sein politisches Engagement wider. Known primarily as 'Matta,' Roberto Antonio Sebastian Matta Echaurren was born in Santiago, Chile on November 11th, 1912. Matta traveled widely throughout Europe, Latin America, and Africa during the 1950s and 1960s. ©2021 The Art Story Foundation. He is the father of six children. La actualidad de la obra de Matta reside en su amplia visión del todo, de un mundo sin tiempo, de un tiempo sin mundo. Matta ist der Vater der Künstler Gordon Matta-Clark und Ramuntcho Matta. November 1911 in Santiago de Chile; † 23. Roberto Antonio Sebastián Matta Echaurren (* 11. Dieser erklärte ihn 1937 ungefragt zum Surrealisten. During this time, Matta established close friendships with several members of the Latin American literary avant-garde. Yet, while he certainly shared stylistic and intellectual similarities with the Surrealist group, he was never able to completely reconcile his strong social conscience with its necessarily inward-looking practices. Duchamp's influence can be seen particularly in the complex multi-dimensional spaces and fantastical machines that define much of Matta's mid-career work. Matta’s first wife was Patricia Echaurren, who, after divorcing Roberto Matta married Pierre Matisse. Roberto Matta in Latin America: the Political Years of the Chilean Painter. The couple had a son named Pablo. Lebensjahres in Civitavecchia bei Rom. Roberto Matta — «Matta» redirige aquí. Er behandelte beispielsweise den Prozess von Ethel und Julius Rosenberg (Les roses sont belles), die Anwendung der Folter im Algerienkrieg (La Question) oder die Hinrichtung des Kommunisten Julián Grimau in Spanien (Les puissances du désordre). This action has been attributed not only to Matta's social infraction, but also to his increased interest in exploring social and political issues through his work. Matta enjoyed increased professional and creative success in the mid-1940s. Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren was born into a wealthy family of French and Basque origins at Santiago on November 11 1911. Sie zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass zunächst Farbe mit einem Schwamm über die Leinwand verteilt wird und dieser Farbauftrag die spätere Pinselführung bestimmt (siehe auch: Automatismus). In 1933, Matta went to work for Le Corbusier in Paris, where his interest turned to painting. He moved towards a more active engagement with the world in a series of works that he called "Social Morphologies." Many of Matta's works from his final decades exhibit a lightening of tone and color, and a turn towards more timeless, mythological, and mystical subject matter. Roberto Sebastián Matta (Santiago, Chile, 1911 - Civitavecchia, Italy, November 23, 2002), studied architecture and interior design at the city’s Catholic University. [Internet]. LOCATION. Share Post. Many in the New York Surrealist circle blamed Matta, who had been having an affair with Gorky's estranged wife. Matta was of Spanish, Basque and French descent. November 1911 in Santiago de Chile; † 23. He strongly supported Salvador Allende's Socialist government, and the newly elected president even invited Matta to be Chile's cultural attache. His mother was well read and highly cultured, fostering Matta's interest in art, literature, and languages. Instead, Matta balanced his interest in the human psyche with an active engagement with the external world. Twin Bill, Oklahoma City Museum of Art, May 11–August 9, 2007. Equally as influential was Marcel Duchamp's Large Glass (The Bride Stripped Bare by Her bachelors, Even) (1915-23), which Matta also encountered around this time. Matta's own work was a key ingredient in the success of the gallery - his other contribution was his American wife, Patricia Echaurren, who left him to marry Pierre. Much of his work during the next two decades was created in explicit response to contemporary events like the Civil Rights movement and the wars in Vietnam and Algeria. These traits, combined with a shared interest in automatist art-making techniques, allowed Matta to quickly form relationships with several of the young New York School artists. They frequently featured totemic figures set within multi-planar environments filled with strange, science-fiction-like machines. The Surrealists eventually invited Matta to rejoin their group in 1959. His paintings also became more narrative in the 1950s. Signaling an early interest in both biomorphism and fantastical spaces, his building designs were modeled after suggestively posed female bodies. How much is your Roberto Matta worth? Some cite Matta Senior as a hated, monstrous figure in Gordon’s life, however a Professor of Matta-Clark’s counters this theory with an anecdote. He settled in Paris, France, in 1935, becoming an apprentice in modernist architect Le Corbusier's studio. Im Jahr 1938 begann Matta, selbst zu malen und nahm sogleich an der großen Ausstellung Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme in Paris teil. He presented the idea of "America" as verb - constantly moving, evolving, and changing. Narodil se v roce 1911 v Santiago de Chile do rodiny francouzského a baskického původu. His family was middle-class during a time of economic hardship in Chile, and they were strictly Catholic. Many of his works feature biomorphic forms swirling about an eerie and angst-ridden setting. Nach einem Architekturstudium in Chile ging Matta 1933 nach Paris, arbeitete dort bis 1934 in Le Corbusiers Architektenbüro und suchte dann auf zahlreichen Reisen die Begegnung mit anderen Künstlern. The artist found great professional and spiritual fulfillment in his home nation until the rise of Pinochet's military dictatorship in 1973. Bereits sechs Monate nach seiner Ankunft zeigte er seine Arbeiten 1940 in der Galerie des Kunsthändlers Julien Levy, der die Interessen der Surrealisten in New York vertrat. Responding to the continuing horrors of the Second World War, Matta expanded his artistic interests beyond his exploration of the subconscious mind.
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