There are two types of black currants: American and European. Water in dry spells but not while the fruits are ripening as this may cause them to split. Currant plants grow best in a rich, well-drained garden with a soil pH of 6.5. When planting, place them so that they are set slightly deeper into the ground than they were in their nursery pot. Some currant shrubs are attractive enough to plant in a shrub or flower border. Currant plants for sale! If you’re planting in spring, water more regularly during the first months, because your shrub will need more water to develop its roots over the summer months. In a hedge, space each plant at least 30 inches (80 cm) apart. If you have to store bushes in pots, lift the plants with as much root as possible. Plants should be spaced a short stride apart to make a hedge or a full stride apart if being grown as individual specimens. A red or white currant plant grown on a stake or cordon will yield about 2 pounds each year. Currants grow well in sun or partial shade, and appreciate afternoon shade in warm climates. Planting of bare rooted bushes during the dormant season, from October to April is to be preferred because the bushes establish will little intervention or aftercare and receive little shock at this time. This is called heading back and is always done to a healthy bud. In mild climates, you can plant currant shrubs in winter. If you test your soil and it requires more nutrients, enrich it by adding organic matter such as compost, manure, or peat. To make a hedge, keep a distance of around 3 feet (1 meter) between plants. Not long ago, my head gardener, Ryan McCallister, and I decided to make a few changes to the bed in front of my main greenhouse. These local resources can also help you choose the variety that grows best in the area. Spacing Currants. There are wonderful varieties to choose from but once you have one thriving bush (or know someone who has) you don’t even … Just one plant can provide a generous crop of berries. If blackcurrant bushes are kept well fed and watered you could be harvesting fruit a year after planting. Although closely related, you can easily distinguish currants and gooseberries by examining the canes and fruit. Prepare the planting area. Choose a spot in your garden where the red currant bushes will be exposed to full daylight. Water thoroughly after planting and apply 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm.) Currant canes lack the spines and bear 8 to 30 pea-sized berries in clusters. Currants can grow well on sandy or heavy and loamy soil as long as their nutrient requirements are met. Blackcurrants thrive in deep soil, so dig a generous planting hole and add plenty of well-rotted compost or manure and fertiliser to the soil. Plant bare-root blackcurrant bushes in autumn and pot grown plants at any time of the year. In warmer climates, plant currant bushes in a cool spot with northern exposure. It is a good idea to plant currant bushes in fall or until spring, while avoiding frost spells. If growing in a container choose a large tub or barrel. Spacing is the same at 5ft between plants for bushes but red and white currants can also be grown as single, double or triple cordon plants with spacings of 1.5, 3 and 4 foot respectively. Currants grow well on various types of soil, except excessively acidic or alkaline soil. Pruning a currant standard is the same as that of the currant bushes, only one storey higher. Plant no deeper than the original soil mark on the stem, with the exception of blackcurrants which should be planted 5cm (2in) deeper. Space black currants 6 feet apart. One bush should yield about 4.5kg (10lb) of fruit. Add additional mulch every year to bring it up to the proper depth. Always ask for disease-resistant varieties. Planting is simply digging a hole slightly larger than the root spread, placing the plant in the hole and in-filling with earth. Planting Currant Bushes. Beware of insects infesting your red currant bushes, such as aphids, spider mites and clear-winged borers. Currant bushes are an attractive addition to the home garden, taking up scant space against walls, trellis, and foundations. The spring flowers are gorgeous in the spring, and the berries dangle like bunches of grapes in early summer. Choose rather well-lit exposure. A colorful array of currants. Water thoroughly after planting and apply 2-4 inches of organic mulch around the plants. From the team at Gardeners' World Magazine. To plant: Currants are self-pollinating, so multiple plants aren’t necessary to produce fruits. Currants are a hardy, easy-to-grow berry that foes well in pies, jams or pastries. Commonly grown for their lush foliage, Ribes alpinum, also called "alpine currants," are mound-forming deciduous shrubs that can grow up to 6’ tall. Space red and white currant bushes 5 feet apart. In small gardens, blackcurrants can be grown in containers. Setting Plants. In this tutorial, our resident gardening expert Jeff demonstrates how to plant Blackcurrant plants for delicious and healthy summer produce. Ensure that plants are watered well throughout the coming year, especially in periods of drought. Soak the roots of currant bushes in water before planting them. Water currant shrubs regularly to keep the soil moist from the time they begin growing in spring until after harvest. Allow 5ft (1.5m) between bushes and 5ft (1.5m) between rows. Gooseberry canes normally produce a spine at each leaf node and bear roughly grape-sized berries singly or in groups of two or three. This biennial will readily self seed. You will see blackcurrants for sale in two forms: bare-root stock (as the name suggests, the roots are exposed when you purchase these plants) or in containers. Between winter and summer, the bush will grow a lot, so you will need to prune it again. It is very easy to propagate flowering currant through cuttings at the end of winter. Water well one to three times a week, not every day. Whites are the sweetest and can be eaten out of hand. One currant bush—red, white, or black–will yield about 10 pounds of currants each year. These are plants with no soil or compost around the roots. Where to plant blackcurrants Blackcurrants are able to tolerate poor drainage better than other soft fruits but ideally they will prefer a well drained soil with plenty of organic matter added and shelter from strong winds. Currants have a bush form and can grow to 6 feet tall. Do To do in September. Top Do To do in October. Currants grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. Currant bushes live 12 to 15 years, so it’s worth taking the time to prepare the soil properly. Favor planting in fall or in spring but avoid freezing temperatures or high temperatures. Order Now! Do not soak plants in water more than 1 hour! It is a good idea to plant currant bushes in fall or until spring, while avoiding frost spells. How to Grow Black Currant. How to Grow New Currant Bushes For Free. Currants should be planted in the early spring. Full sun? Ribes (Flowering Currant) A species of evergreen/deciduous flowering and fruiting shrubs. Started by Bobby T on Grow Your Own. Plant Sizes. A well established currant bush can produce up to 10-pounds of berries per-year. O. You should prune so that there are 12 canes left for each plant. They prefer damp, fertile ground, but not … Planting Guide for Currants. High in nutrition and low in fat, it’s no wonder currants are more popular than ever. Avoid times when the soil is waterlogged or frozen. Choose an open and sunny site. Ultimately, the aim is to remove old wood that has been removed and to encourage the plant to grow new wood again for the best fruit quality. Set each plant at least 6cm (2.25in) deeper than it was previously, so it develops into a multi-stemmed stool bush. Plant bare-root redcurrants between November and March in well-drained soil. Pruning is an important part of the care of your black currant bushes. If you’re thinking of moving any bushes or shrubs, late fall to early spring is the best time - when the plants are dormant. Bushes of the various currant varieties grow to different sizes, and the black currant bush is the largest, growing from 5 to 6 feet tall and wide. Plants that don’t get enough water during spring and summer may develop mildew. In the winter, prune any old branches that are close to the ground, any that are crossing, or obviously old canes. 150cm apart and 150cm between rows. The mature plant will be 3 … Space black currants 6 … Black currants are more vigorous and should be spaced about 0.6 to 1.5 m (3 to 5 ft) apart. They need well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter and a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. If your soil is clay or sandy, work in lots of organic matter before planting, or prepare a raised bed. Local nurseries and agricultural extension agents can help you with information about restrictions in your area. Plants will fail to flourish if roots are too deep or too shallow. Best gardening deals in the January sales, How to grow strawberries from mail-order runners. Our experience is that that they are best planted 5cm / 2in deeper than they are in the pot. Best Black Currant Varieties. from the trunk of the shrub. Currant shrubs prefer the cool conditions in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 through 5. D. Do To do in December. White flowers with a blush of pink, bloom in spring and summer, making this variety a great addition to flower borders. 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